Our Vision for Personal Development

Education has always been about more than just academic studies.  At Castle Newnham School we believe it is vitally important to prepare our young people for life in the wider world and whilst all subjects do this Personal Development is uniquely positioned to equip pupils with the knowledge and skills needed to be positive members of the community.

Pupils will be taught about:

  • Health and Wellbeing
  • Relationships
  • Living in the Wider World, which incorporates Citizenship.

It is our intent that our Personal Development Curriculum provides pupils with the opportunity to develop and reflect upon their own values and beliefs in a safe space and confront other, sometimes conflicting views.

Curriculum Intent

Personal Development provides pupils with the opportunity to:

  1. Equip pupils with the knowledge and skills to stay safe both physically and mentally including within relationships (both intimate and otherwise) and give them the skills needed to communicate when they are not safe
  2. Embed Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural skills
  3. Provide pupils with up to date information to prepare them for the World of Work
  4. Explore attitudes, values and beliefs and develop strategies to manage issues they may encounter in their lives
  5. Developing skills of resilience and understanding how to use these


Year Group Content

Early Learning Goals: 

Self- regulation

  • Show an understanding of their own feelings and those of others, and begin to regulate their behaviour accordingly. 

  • Set and work towards simple goals, being able to wait for what they want and control their immediate impulses when appropriate. 

  • Give focused attention to what the teacher says, responding appropriately even when engaged in activity, and show an ability to follow instructions involving several ideas or actions

Managing Self

  • Be confident to try new activities and show independence, resilience and perseverance in the face of challenge. 

  • Explain the reasons for rules, know right from wrong and try to behave accordingly. 

  • Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs, including dressing, going to the toilet and understanding the importance of healthy food choices.

Building Relationships 

  • Work and play cooperatively and take turns with others. 

  • Form positive attachments to adults and friendships with peers. 

  • Show sensitivity to their own and to others’ needs

1.1 Beginning and Belonging

  • Making the classroom safe

  • Building relationships

  • Coping with new situations

  • Sources of support


1.2 Family and Friends

  • Developing friendship skills

  • Valuing difference

  • Families and other special people

  • Getting support


1.3 Anti-bullying

  • Defining bullying

  • Causes and types of bullying

  • How bullying makes us feel

  • Responding to bullying

  • Supporting others


1.4 Diversities and Communities

  • Exploring my identity

  • Valuing difference

  • Exploring my community

  • Caring for the environment, animals and plants


1.5 Relationships Education

  • The human life cycle


1.6 Personal Safety

  • Identifying trusted adults

  • Using our senses

  • Safety rules

  • Bodies

  • Touches

  • Secrets

  • Assessing risk

  • Assertiveness

  • What, when, who and how to tell


1.7 Managing change

  • Recognising and understanding change

  • Coping with emotions in loss and change situations


2.1 Rights, Rules and Responsibilities

  • Responsibilities

  • Rules

  • Rights (democracy)


2.2 Anti-bullying

  • Understanding bullying

  • Feelings associated with bullying

  • People to talk to

  • My emotions

  • Naming and recognising feelings

  • Getting support


2.3 Financial Capability

  • Money sources

  • Budgeting

  • Choices associated with money

  • Charities


2.4 Sex and Relationships

  • Human development: Life cycle

  • Personal responsibilities

  • Needs of babies


2.5 Drugs Education

  • Drug types

  • Medicines

  • Risk, influences and support


2.6 Safety Contexts 

  • Dangers and accidents

  • Water danger/safety

  • Becoming lost

  • Managing risk

  • Personal safety

  • Community Safety

  • Emergencies


2.7 Healthy Lifestyles

  • How to stay healthy

  • Exercise and physical activity

  • Healthy eating

  • Reasons for eating well

3.1 Beginning and Belonging

  • Making the classroom safe

  • Building relationships

  • Coping with new situations

  • Sources of support


3.2 Anti-bullying

  • Characteristics of bullying

  • How bullying can occur

  • Feelings and emotions

  • Keeping safe from bullying

  • Supporting others


3.3 Family and Friends

  • Qualities of a good friend

  • Similarities and differences

  • How people affect each other


3.4 Diversity and Communities

  • What makes up my identity

  • Different views and beliefs

  • National, religious and ethnic communities in the UK

  • Caring for our local environment


3.5 Sex and Relationships Education

  • Body knowledge and body function changes

  • Personal hygiene

  • Illness/disease prevention


3.6 Personal Safety

  • Trusted adults

  • Assessing the school and local environment

  • Safety rules

  • Identifying body parts

  • “Yes” and “No” touches

  • “Good” and “bad” secrets

  • Assessing risks


3.7 Myself and My Relationships - Managing Change

  • Identifying changes

  • Recognising emotions in loss and change situations

  • Coping with loss and change

  • Planning for change

4.1 Rights, Roles and Responsibilities

  • Differences between rights, wants and needs

  • The importance of rules

  • Democracy and decision making


4.2 Myself and my relationships - My emotions

  • Understanding and managing feelings

  • Understanding and managing the impact of feelings

  • Concentrating on one emotion

  • Impact of feelings on actions

  • Calming and relaxing

  • Acting assertively

  • Problem solving

  • Getting support


4.2 Working together

  • Recognising and developing strengths and skills

  • Developing communication skills

  • Developing group work skills

  • Applying communication and group work skills


4.3 Financial capability

  • Financial understanding

  • Financial responsibility and feelings about money

  • Financial competence


4.3 Relationships and sex education

  • The human life cycle

  • Growing up and personal responsibilities

  • Parents, carers and families


4.4 Managing Risk

  • Risky situations

  • Reactions to risk

  • Strategies in risky situations

  • Receiving and giving help


4.5 Safety Contexts

  • Identify fire and water risks and strategies to stay safe

  • Risks involved with joining in

  • Preventing accidents


4.6 Healthy Lifestyles

  • A balanced, healthy lifestyle

  • Physical activity

  • Factors influencing food choices

  • Food as a source of energy

  • Dental hygiene

  • Making healthy choices

5.1 Beginning and Belonging

  • Making the classroom safe

  • Building collaborative relationships

  • Recognising emotions involved in new situations

  • Coping with new situations

  • Sources of support


5.2 Anti-bullying

  • Forms of bullying

  • Similarities and differences in bullying behaviours of girls and boys

  • Why people may engage in bullying

  • Prejudice driven bullying

  • How bullying affects those involved (bullied, perpetrators, followers and bystanders)

  • Responding to bullying

  • Supporting others

  • Cyberbullying

  • Creating safe environments


5.3 Family and Friends

  • Networks of special people

  • Understanding and valuing differences

  • Coping with relationship issues

  • Giving and receiving support


5.4 Diversity and Communities

  • How other people’s perceptions can influence views of identity

  • Ethnic diversity in the local and National community

  • Stereotyping and prejudice

  • The role of the media

  • Caring for the environment, animals and plants


5.5 Drug Education

  • Drug types and effects

  • Risk, influence and support


5.6 Sex and relationships education

  • Body knowledge

  • Body functions and changes

  • Body awareness and how the media can influences our attitudes

  • Personal hygiene


5.7 Body Image

  • Views of attractiveness

  • Priorities

  • Influences around us

  • Personal body image and that of others


5.8 Personal Safety

  • Networks of support

  • Making informed judgements

  • Reviewing safety planning

  • Personal boundaries and body language

  • “Yes” and “No” touches

  • “Good” and “bad” secrets


5.9 Managing Change

  • Identifying situations which involve loss and change

  • Ways to manage change

6.1 Rights, Rules and Responsibilities

  • Who is responsible for children’s rights

  • How rights, rules and responsibilities affect everyone at school

  • Differences and conflict between rights and responsibilities at home and school.

  • Rules and laws in modern society

  • Parliament and MPs

  • Local councils and how democratic elections work.


6.2 My emotions

  • Understanding and managing feelings and the impact they can have

  • Boredom, worry and stress

  • Problem solving

  • Getting support

  • Building confidence and being assertive


6.3 Financial Capability

  • Developing a broader view of what money is (history, trade and currencies)

  • Spending choices and their impact on the local community and wider world

  • Managing money in real life situations


6.4 Working Together

  • Challenge ourselves and others to develop new skills

  • Consider how different strengths might support different careers

  • Developing communication skills

  • Developing group work skills

  • Influences on decision making

  • Evaluation and feedback skills


6.5 Relationship and sex education

  • The human lifecycle

  • Growing up

  • Responsibility for feeling and well-being of others

  • Trust and love 

  • Knowledge of a wide range of family arrangements (second marriages, fostering, same sex partners and extended families)


6.6 Managing Risk

  • Positive and negatives of risk taking

  • Degrees of risk

  • Being responsible for our own safety and emotions

  • Strategies to reduce risk

  • Receiving and giving help


6.7 Safety Contexts

  • Discussing the importance of staying safe

  • Cycling and road safety

  • Sun safety

  • Actions to prevent accidents


6.8 Healthy Lifestyles

  • Importance of a balanced diet

  • Plan, prepare and cook simple healthy meals

  • Know which foods provide which types of energy

  • Benefits of physical activity for promoting health

  • Influences, choices and taking responsibility


In Year 7 the focus for pupils is on personal and physical safety in all aspects of the curriculum. Within Health and Wellbeing the pupils look at physical health (e.g. the dangers of smoking) and personal safety (e.g. when out and about or online). Within the Relationships topics pupils study diversity and stereotypes in order to give them a grounding in understanding different people.  They also look at friendships and the importance of consent in all forms of relationships. In the Living in the Wider World topic pupils start to consider different careers options through the use of Unifrog.


Pupils will be taught the following units:

Health and Wellbeing

Topic 1

  1. Coping with changes and starting secondary school
  2. Personal safety

Topic 2

  1. Peer pressure
  2. Personal hygiene
  3. Smoking/ vaping/alcohol



Topic 1

  1. Being a good friend
  2. Anti bullying
  3. Stereotypes

Topic 2

  1. How do I value myself?
  2. Consent
  3. Staying safe online

In Year 8 pupils continue to build on their knowledge of personal safety with regards to their health and safety. The focus in Health and Wellbeing is on the dangers of drugs, both illegal and legal drugs when  misused and abused. Pupils also start to look at strategies for good mental well being and are taught different ways to use this. In Relationships pupils learn about different forms of discrimination. They also start to consider their physical and mental health when  it comes to intimate relationships. In Living in the Wider World pupils continue to build on their careers knowledge from  Year 7 as well as looking at the political system in the UK. 


Pupils will be taught the following units:
Health and Wellbeing

Topic 1

  1. Drugs- Illegal and legal drugs
  2. Addiction

Topic 2

  1. Mental health and wellbeing
  2. Healthy and unhealthy coping strategies
  3. Digital wellbeing 



Topic 1

  1. Group think
  2. Diversity and discrimination

Topic 2

  1. Pressure and consent
  2. Healthy intimate relationships
  3. Sexual health


Living in the Wider World

Topic 1

  1. Different political parties in the UK
  2. The democratic system in the UK

Topic 2

  1. Careers terminology
  2. Competencies
  3. Different careers available

In Year 9 pupils focus mental and physical health with regards to their relationships. Pupils study the dangers of gangs and the links between gang culture, drugs and crime. Pupils also look at relationships within their families and how to deal with potential conflict in an appropriate manner.  They continue to develop their understanding of mental health including the strategies to support positive mental health. Pupils also review their understanding of healthy intimate relationships.  The careers focus in year 9 is on supporting pupils with their GCSE options. 


Pupils will be taught the following units:

Health and Wellbeing

Topic 1

  1. Gang culture- signs and risks
  2. Link between drugs and crime

Topic 2

  1. Mental health- strategies
  2. Mental health illnesses
  3. Dangers of FGM



Topic 1

  1. Family relationships
  2. Coping with changing relationships

Topic 2

  1. Healthy and unhealthy relationships
  2. Impact of the media on views of sexual relationships
  3. Managing conflict in relationships


Living in the Wider World

Topic 1

  1. Careers advice
  2. Making post 14 choices
  3. Using our skills to help us make the right choices.

In Year 10 pupils continue to plan for their futures with the careers programme which focuses on how to apply for college positions and jobs when they leave Castle Newnham e.g. looking at how to write a CV. Within the Health and Wellbeing topics pupils examine ways to support positive physical health like getting enough sleep and the importance of vaccinations. Within the relationships units pupils look at choices regarding pregnancy including strategies to try and ensure a safe pregnancy and different options available for unwanted pregnancies. Pupils also examine the role that the media can have on choices that we make.


Pupils will be taught the following units:

Health and Wellbeing

Topic 1

  1. Importance of sleep
  2. Vaccinations
  3. Gambling addiction
  4. Health including organ donation and dementia

Topic 2

  1. Drugs including alcohol and vaping
  2. Addiction



Topic 1

  1. Disrespect NoBODY
  2. Dangers of sharing sexually explicit images

Topic 2

  1. Fertility
  2. Pregnancy choices
  3. Challenges of parenthood


Living in the Wider World

Topic 1

  1. CVs and cover letters
  2. Interviews
  3. Ethical finances
  4. The Great University debate- pros and cons of university

Topic 2

  1. The media
  2. Fake News
  3. Causes and effects of cyberbullying

In Year 11 the focus is on ensuring that pupils have all the skills and knowledge that they need to ensure that they are healthy and safe when they leave school. Pupils look at how they should carry out self-checks for cancerous lumps, the importance of being part of a doctors’ and dentists’ practice and how to follow healthy life choices. In their relationships units pupils look at coercive sexual relationships, and consent.  The careers unit is focused on preparing pupils for their options post 16.


Pupils will be taught the following units:

Health and Wellbeing

Topic 1

  1. Healthy bodies
  2. Self examination
  3. Healthy lifestyle choices
  4. Dealing with change



Topic 1

  1. Managing unwanted attention
  2. Coercive relationships
  3. Consent and sexual stereotypes
  4. Gender identity
  5. Family based violence


Living in the Wider World

  1. Post 16 choices
  2. A levels and BTECS
  3. Apprenticeships
  4. Working on a budget and long time financial planning